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French-English translation for: [Napoleon]
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Dictionary French English: [Napoleon]

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mil. occup. grognard {m}[soldier of the Old Guard of Napoleon I]
géogr. île {f} d'Aix [île du Sud-Ouest de la France]Aix [island] [Napoleon spent his last days in France here in 1815]
hist. pol. Directoire {m} [1795-1799]Directory [1795-1799] [also: Directorate] [governing five-member committee in the French First Republic from 1795 until 1799, when it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte]
arch. arts musée {m} du Louvre [inauguré 1793 « Muséum central des arts de la République dans le palais du Louvre »]Louvre [also: Louvre Museum] [collection greatly expanded under Napoleon who confiscated many European works, eg after Treaty of Tolentino (1797)]
hist. mil. pol. Napoléon {m} Bonaparte [1769-1821] [aussi : Napoléon I]Napoleon [also: Napoléon Bonaparte ] [1769-1821] [As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again in 1815]
2 Words: Nouns
géogr. hist. pol. République {f} batave [1795-1806]Batavian Republic [1795-1806] [successor to the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, becoming the first of the "sister-republics", and later part of the French Empire of Napoleon]
comm. hist. pol. blocus {m} continental [1806-1814] [aussi : le Blocus]Continental Blockade [1806-1814] [also: Continental System] [large-scale embargo against British trade - policy of Napoleon against the UK during the Napoleonic Wars]
géogr. mont {m} Poklonnaïa [une des collines les plus élevées de Moscou, ou en 1812, Napoléon attendit en vain qu'on lui remette les clés du Kremlin]Poklonnaya Hill [also: Poklonnaya Gora]
arch. hist. pol. palais {m} des Tuileries [1564-1871]Tuileries Palace [1564-1871] [royal and imperial palace in Paris, residence of most French monarchs, from Henry IV to Napoleon III, and burned by the Paris Commune in 1871]
cuis. veau {m} Marengoveal stew [allegedly first made for Napoleon after winning Battle of Marengo]
3 Words: Nouns
hist. mil. pol. bataille {f} d'Austerlitz [1805]Battle of Austerlitz [1805] [also: Battle of the Three Emperors] [Napoleon defeated the larger combined Russian/Austrian Armies, bringing the War of the 3rd Coalition to an end]
géogr. hist. mil. bataille {f} de Friedland [1807]Battle of Friedland [1807] [Napoleon and the French Army won a decisive victory, routing much of the Russian army. The battlefield was in East Prussia, today Kaliningrad Oblast, Pravdinsk, Russia]
géogr. hist. mil. bataille {m} de Leipzig [1813] [aussi : bataille de Leipsick ou bataille des Nations]Battle of Leipzig [1813] [also: Battle of the Nations] [Coalition armies of Austria, Prussia, Sweden, and Russia decisively defeated the Grande Armée of Napoleon]
géogr. hist. mil. bataille {f} de Lützen [1813]Battle of Lützen [1813] [despite enormous losses in Russian Campaign, Napoleon halted the advance of the Sixth Coalition]
hist. mil. pol. bataille {f} de Marengo [1800]Battle of Marengo [1800] [French forces under First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte defeated and drove the Austrian forces out of Italy, consolidating Napoleon's political position]
hist. mil. pol. bataille {f} de Ratisbonne [1809] [aussi : bataille de Regensburg]Battle of Ratisbon [1809] [also: Battle of Regensburg] [final battle in Bavaria, Napoleon forced the Austrian army to retreat into Bohemia, leaving the way open for Napoleon to enter Vienna]
hist. mil. bataille {f} d'Ulm [1805]Battle of Ulm [1805] [decisive battle where Napoleon trapped and forced the surrender of an entire Austrian Army]
hist. pol. congrès {m} d'Erfurt [1808] [aussi : entrevue d'Erfurt]Congress of Erfurt [1808] [after Tilsit (1807) the final meeting between Napoleon and Alexander I of Russia]
hist. mil. pol. convention {f} de Tauroggen [1812]Convention of Tauroggen [1812] [armistice between Prussia and Russia, which triggered an ininsurgency against Napoleon in the Confederation of the Rhine]
maîtresse {f} en titreKing's (official) mistress [in the case of Napoleon: Emperor's mistress]
géogr. hist. pol. royaume {m} de Hollande [1806-1810]Kingdom of Holland [1806-1810] [puppet state created by Napoleon, ruled by Louis Bonaparte]
arch. hist. pol. château {m} de FontainebleauPalace of Fontainebleau [also: Château de Fontainebleau] [the medieval castle and subsequent palace served as a residence for the French monarchs from Louis VII to Napoleon III]
hist. mil. pol. traité {m} de Presbourg [1805]Peace of Pressburg [1805] [also: Treaty of Pressburg] [signed by Napoleon (France) and Francis II (Austria) after Austrian defeats at Ulm & Austerlitz]
hist. mil. siège {m} de Toulon [1793]Siege of Toulon [1793] [Napoleon first won fame in the success by Republican forces against Royalist rebels supported by Anglo-Spanish forces]
hist. mil. pol. le régiment {m} des Gardes françaisesThe French Guards [elite infantry regiment created in 1563 as part of the Military Household of the King of France, specifically to protect the monarch (and, later, Emperor Napoleon)]
hist. pol. traités {m.pl} de Reichenbach [1813]Treaties of Reichenbach [1813] [series of agreements signed in present-day Dzierżoniów between UK, Prussia, Russia, and Austria to establish a united coalition force against Napoleon I of France]
hist. mil. pol. traités {m.pl} de Tilsit [1807]Treaties of Tilsit [1807] [2 agreements signed by Napoleon I of France ending the War of the 4th Coalition, with 1. Emperor Alexander I of Russia. 2. the King Of Prussia. Tilsit = Sovetsk]
hist. mil. pol. traité {m} de Fontainebleau [1807]Treaty of Fontainebleau [1807] [secret agreement signed between King Charles IV of Spain and the French Emperor Napoleon, to drive the House of Braganza from and divide the Kingdom of Portugal]
4 Words: Nouns
hist. mil. pol. bataille {f} d'Aspern-Essling [1809] [aussi : bataille d'Essling ou bataille d'Aspern]Battle of Aspern-Essling [1809] [Napoleon occupying Vienna, tried to cross the Danube. The Austrian army drove the French army back with heavy losses. This was Napoleon's 1st personal defeat]
hist. mil. naut. bataille {f} d'Aboukir [1798]Battle of the Nile [1798] [also: Battle of Aboukir Bay] [decisive naval battle - after Napoleon landed his army, Nelson destroyed the French fleet, trapping the French army in Egypt]
hist. mil. bataille {f} des Pyramides [1798]Battle of the Pyramids [1798] [also: Battle of Embabeh] [French army, under Napoleon Bonaparte, scored a decisive victory, wiping out almost the entire Ottoman army located in Egypt]
géogr. hist. pol. grand-duché {m} de Berg [1806-1813] [aussi : grand-duché de Clèves et de Berg]Grand Duchy of Berg [1806-1813] [also: Grand Duchy of Berg and Cleves] [satellite state created by Napoleon after victory at Austerlitz for Marshal Murat (his brother-in-law)]
hist. pol. coup {m} d'État de Malet [1812]Malet coup of 1812 [attempted (and failed) coup d'état in Paris, aimed at removing Napoleon I, then campaigning in Russia, from power]
hist. pol. Marie-Louise {f} d'Autriche [1791-1847] [fille aînée de François I d'Autriche, elle est donnée en mariage en 1810 à l'empereur des Français Napoléon I pour sceller le traité de Schönbrunn]Marie Louise of Austria [1791-1847] [Napoleon's 2nd wife, Empress of the French 1810-1814, Duchess of Parma 1814-1847]
hist. mil. pol. traité {m} de Campo-Formio [1797]Treaty of Campo Formio [1797] [signed by Napoleon and the Austrian Monarchy, ending the War of the First Coalition and left UK fighting alone against revolutionary France]
hist. mil. pol. traité {m} de Saint-Pétersbourg [1812]Treaty of Saint Petersburg [1812] [between Sweden and the Russian Empire, establishing an alliance against the French Empire of Napoleon]
5+ Words: Others
Du sublime au ridicule il n'y a qu'un pas. [Napoléon Bonaparte] [citation]There is only one step from the sublime to the ridiculous.
5+ Words: Nouns
géogr. hist. mil. arc {m} de triomphe de l'ÉtoileArc de Triomphe de l'Étoile [commissioned in Paris by Napoleon in 1806, it honours those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars]
hist. mil. occup. Gendarmes {m.pl} d'élite de la Garde impériale [1801-1815]élite gendarmes of the Imperial Guard [1801-1815] [unit formed by Napoleon to protect the Imperial HQ (in war) and Consular offices (in peace)]
hist. mil. pol. guerre {f} de la Sixième Coalition [1813-1814]War of the Sixth Coalition [1813-1814] [coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, UK, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and some German States defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba]
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